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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2018

Symbolic universes between present and future of Europe. First results of the map of European societies' cultural milieu

Sergio Salvatore
  • Function : Author
Viviana Fini
  • Function : Author
Terri Mannarini
  • Function : Author
Giuseppe Alessandro Veltri
  • Function : Author
Evrinomi Avdi
  • Function : Author
Fiorella Battaglia
  • Function : Author
Jorge Castro-Tejerina
  • Function : Author
Enrico Ciavolino
  • Function : Author
Irini Kadianaki
  • Function : Author
Nikita A. Kharlamov
  • Function : Author
Anna Krasteva
  • Function : Author
Katrin Kullasepp
  • Function : Author
Anastassios Matsopoulos
  • Function : Author
Claudia Meschiari
  • Function : Author
Piergiorgio Mossi
  • Function : Author
Polivios Psinas
  • Function : Author
Rozlyn Redd
  • Function : Author
Alessia Rochira
  • Function : Author
Gordon Sammut
  • Function : Author
Jaan Valsiner
  • Function : Author
Antonella Valmorbida
  • Function : Author

Abstract

This paper reports the framework, method and main findings of an analysis of cultural milieus in 4 European countries (Estonia, Greece, Italy, and UK). The analysis is based on a questionnaire applied to a sample built through a two-step procedure of post-hoc random selection from a broader dataset based on an online survey. Responses to the questionnaire were subjected to multidimensional analysis-a combination of Multiple Correspondence Analysis and Cluster Analysis. We identified 5 symbolic universes, that correspond to basic, embodied, affect-laden, generalized worldviews. People in this study see the world as either a) an ordered universe; b) a matter of interpersonal bond; c) a caring society; d) consisting of a niche of belongingness; e) a hostile place (others' world). These symbolic universes were also interpreted as semiotic capital: they reflect the capacity of a place to foster social and civic development. Moreover, the distribution of the symbolic universes, and therefore social and civic engagement, is demonstrated to be variable across the 4 countries in the analysis. Finally, we develop a retrospective reconstruction of the distribution of symbolic universes as well as the interplay between their current state and past, present and future socio-institutional scenarios.

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Sociology
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

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hal-01765406 , version 1 (03-10-2018)

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Sergio Salvatore, Viviana Fini, Terri Mannarini, Giuseppe Alessandro Veltri, Evrinomi Avdi, et al.. Symbolic universes between present and future of Europe. First results of the map of European societies' cultural milieu. PLoS ONE, 2018, 13 (6), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0200223⟩. ⟨hal-01765406⟩

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