Role of defective calcium regulation in cardiorespiratory dysfunction in Huntington's disease - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles JCI Insight Year : 2020

Role of defective calcium regulation in cardiorespiratory dysfunction in Huntington's disease

Abstract

Huntington’s disease (HD) is a progressive, autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder affecting striatal neurons beginning in young adults with loss of muscle coordination and cognitive decline. Less appreciated is the fact that patients with HD also exhibit cardiac and respiratory dysfunction, including pulmonary insufficiency and cardiac arrhythmias. The underlying mechanism for these symptoms is poorly understood. In the present study we provide insight into the cause of cardiorespiratory dysfunction in HD and identify a potentially novel therapeutic target. We now show that intracellular calcium (Ca2+) leak via posttranslationally modified ryanodine receptor/intracellular calcium release (RyR) channels plays an important role in HD pathology. RyR channels were oxidized, PKA phosphorylated, and leaky in brain, heart, and diaphragm both in patients with HD and in a murine model of HD (Q175). HD mice (Q175) with endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ leak exhibited cognitive dysfunction, decreased parasympathetic tone associated with cardiac arrhythmias, and reduced diaphragmatic contractile function resulting in impaired respiratory function. Defects in cognitive, motor, and respiratory functions were ameliorated by treatment with a novel Rycal small-molecule drug (S107) that fixes leaky RyR. Thus, leaky RyRs likely play a role in neuronal, cardiac, and diaphragmatic pathophysiology in HD, and RyRs are a potential novel therapeutic target.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
140614.3-20201002154844-covered-253bed37ca4c1ab43d105aefdf7b5536.pdf (13.12 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02964021 , version 1 (12-10-2020)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Haikel Dridi, Xiaoping Liu, Yuan Qi, Steven Reiken, Mohamad Yehya, et al.. Role of defective calcium regulation in cardiorespiratory dysfunction in Huntington's disease. JCI Insight, In press, 5 (19), ⟨10.1172/jci.insight.140614⟩. ⟨hal-02964021⟩
116 View
197 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More