Further delineation of BCAP31-linked intellectual disability: description of 17 new families with LoF and missense variants - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Human Genetics Year : 2021

Further delineation of BCAP31-linked intellectual disability: description of 17 new families with LoF and missense variants

Sandra Whalen
Sandra Chantot Bastaraud
Elise Brischoux-Boucher
Jozef Gecz

Abstract

The BCAP31 gene, located at Xq28, encodes BAP31, which plays a role in ER-to-Golgi anterograde transport. To date, BCAP31 pathogenic variants have been reported in 12 male cases from seven families (six loss of function (LoF) and one missense). Patients had severe intellectual disability (ID), dystonia, deafness, and central hypomyelination, delineating a so-called deafness, dystonia and cerebral hypomyelination syndrome (DDCH). Female carriers are mostly asymptomatic but may present with deafness. BCAP31 is flanked by the SLC6A8 and ABCD1 genes. Contiguous deletions of BCAP31 and ABCD1 and/or SLC6A8 have been described in 12 patients. Patients with deletions including BCAP31 and SLC6A8 have the same phenotype as BCAP31 patients. Patients with deletions of BCAP31 and ABCD1 have contiguous ABCD1 and DXS1375E/BCAP31 deletion syndrome (CADDS), and demonstrate a more severe neurological phenotype with cholestatic liver disease and early death. We report 17 novel families, 14 with intragenic BCAP31 variants (LoF and missense) and three with a deletion of BCAP31 and adjacent genes (comprising two CADDS patients, one male and one symptomatic female). Our study confirms the phenotype reported in males with intragenic LoF variants and shows that males with missense variants exhibit a milder phenotype. Most patients with a LoF pathogenic BCAP31 variant have permanent or transient liver enzyme elevation. We further demonstrate that carrier females (n = 10) may have a phenotype comprising LD, ID, and/or deafness. The male with CADDS had a severe neurological phenotype, but no cholestatic liver disease, and the symptomatic female had moderate ID and cholestatic liver disease.
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Dates and versions

hal-03149040 , version 1 (25-02-2021)

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Sandra Whalen, Marie Shaw, Cyril Mignot, Delphine Héron, Sandra Chantot Bastaraud, et al.. Further delineation of BCAP31-linked intellectual disability: description of 17 new families with LoF and missense variants. European Journal of Human Genetics, 2021, ⟨10.1038/s41431-021-00821-0⟩. ⟨hal-03149040⟩
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