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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2021

Diversity of Methanogens in Animals’ Gut

Abstract

Methanogens are members of anaerobe microbiota of the digestive tract of mammals, including humans. However, the sources, modes of acquisition, and dynamics of digestive tract methanogens remain poorly investigated. In this study, we aimed to expand the spectrum of animals that could be sources of methanogens for humans by exploring methanogen carriage in animals. We used real-time PCR, PCR-sequencing, and multispacer sequence typing to investigate the presence of methanogens in 407 fecal specimens collected from nine different mammalian species investigated here. While all the negative controls remained negative, we obtained by PCR-sequencing seven different species of methanogens, of which three (Methanobrevibacter smithii, Methanobrevibacter millerae and Methanomassiliicoccus luminyensis) are known to be part of the methanogens present in the human digestive tract. M. smithii was found in 24 cases, including 12/24 (50%) in pigs, 6/24 (25%) in dogs, 4/24 (16.66%) in cats, and 1/24 (4.16%) in both sheep and horses. Genotyping these 24 M. smithii revealed five different genotypes, all known in humans. Our results are fairly representative of the methanogen community present in the digestive tract of certain animals domesticated by humans, and other future studies must be done to try to cultivate methanogens here detected by molecular biology to better understand the dynamics of methanogens in animals and also the likely acquisition of methanogens in humans through direct contact with these animals or through consumption of the meat and/or milk of certain animals, in particular cows.
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hal-03216617 , version 1 (26-06-2023)

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Cheick Oumar Guindo, Bernard Davoust, Michel Drancourt, Ghiles Grine. Diversity of Methanogens in Animals’ Gut. Microorganisms, 2021, 9 (1), pp.13. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms9010013⟩. ⟨hal-03216617⟩

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