How low can we go? A skeletal maturity threshold for probabilistic visual sex estimation from immature human os coxae - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Forensic Science International Year : 2021

How low can we go? A skeletal maturity threshold for probabilistic visual sex estimation from immature human os coxae

Abstract

Objectives The appearance of sexually dimorphic traits varies depending on the type of bone, age, environmental and genetic factors and is closely linked to skeletal maturation sequence. Subadult sex estimation currently shows inconsistent accuracy and methods do not incorporate indicators of maturation. The goal of this study is to apply the Santos et al. (2019) adult sex estimation method on virtually reconstructed subadult os coxae and account for pelvic maturation. Material and methods The right os coxae of 194 female and male individuals aged 11–30 years from Marseille, France were virtually reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) scans. Santos et al.’s (2019) 11 traits were scored as female, male, or indeterminate. Maturation of 10 pelvic epiphyseal sites was scored using a four-stage system (0–3) to obtain a composite maturity score from 1 to 30. Results Three maturity groups were identified based on composite maturity scores ranging from 0 to 30. Individuals with a composite maturity score of 15 or higher showed 98 % sex estimation accuracy and a 6 % indeterminate rate. Scores of 2 for the ischiatic tuberosity or 1 for the anterior superior iliac spine can be used as proxies for a composite maturity score of 15 and application on incomplete bones. Discussion Sexual dimorphism was observed in the epiphyseal maturation sequence and the development of sexually dimorphic pelvic traits. The Santos et al. (2019) method is applicable on immature individuals who meet a maturation threshold with comparable accuracy to adults, without relying on known or estimated age.
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Dates and versions

hal-03570641 , version 1 (13-02-2022)

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Louise Corron, Frédéric Santos, Pascal Adalian, Kathia Chaumoitre, Pierre Guyomarc'H, et al.. How low can we go? A skeletal maturity threshold for probabilistic visual sex estimation from immature human os coxae. Forensic Science International, 2021, 325, pp.110854. ⟨10.1016/j.forsciint.2021.110854⟩. ⟨hal-03570641⟩
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