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Journal Articles Aesthetic Surgery Journal Year : 2021

Intra-Individual Aging of the Facial Skeleton

Eugénie Fourgeot
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Nicolas Graillon
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Charles Savoldelli
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Patrick Dessi
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Justin Michel
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Thomas Radulesco


Abstract Background Midface skeletal changes through aging have been conceptualized as a clockwise rotation relative to the cranial base. This finding is mainly supported by cross-sectional population studies based on comparisons between groups of individuals in different age ranges. Few papers have evaluated the intra-individual evolution of the facial skeleton, and those that have included only a limited number of patients. Objectives The authors sought to analyze the intra-individual evolution of the facial skeleton. Methods We conducted a retrospective study including patients who underwent 2 separate facial computed tomography scans (T1 and T2) with a minimum gap of 7 years. Employing 3-dimensional reconstructions, we measured and compared 7 facial angles (glabellar, orbital, piriform, maxillary, subdental, chin, gonial) and 6 facial distances (lacrimal crest, orbital floor, piriform, zygoma, labiomental, gnathion) on both computed tomography scans. Results A total of 56 patients (29 males and 27 females) were included. Mean ages at T1 and T2 were 50 and 59 y, respectively. We found a significant decrease between T1 and T2 in facial angles at the midface (glabella, orbital, piriform, and maxillary angles, all P < 0.0001). We found a significant increase in all facial distances between T1 and T2 for the overall population and for men (all P < 0.05). For women, all distances increased, but only piriform and zygoma distances showed significant changes (P < 0.001 and P < 0.04, respectively). Bone remodeling appeared earlier in women. Conclusions Our study confirms the clockwise rotation of the midface during aging. This finding could lead to a better understanding of aesthetic medicine practices.
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Dates and versions

hal-03370941 , version 1 (08-10-2021)



Eugénie Fourgeot, Nicolas Graillon, Charles Savoldelli, Patrick Dessi, Pascal Adalian, et al.. Intra-Individual Aging of the Facial Skeleton. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, 2021, ⟨10.1093/asj/sjab228⟩. ⟨hal-03370941⟩
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