Vitamin A Deficiency during the Perinatal Period and First Weeks of Life Modifies Vitamin A and Lipid Postprandial Metabolism in Both Female and Male Young Rats - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Nutrition and Food Research Year : 2021

Vitamin A Deficiency during the Perinatal Period and First Weeks of Life Modifies Vitamin A and Lipid Postprandial Metabolism in Both Female and Male Young Rats

Abstract

Scope The effect of vitamin A deficiency on vitamin A and lipid postprandial metabolism in young rats is addressed, considering the effect of sex. Methods and Results Sprague-Dawley rats are fed either 400 UI.kg(-1) vitamin A diet (vitamin A-deficient (VAD) diet) or 2300 UI.kg(-1) vitamin A (control diet), before being mated. Mothers receive the same VAD or control diet during gestation and lactation. Offspring receive the same diet than mothers until 8 weeks of age. VAD diet-fed female and male offspring display a severe vitamin A deficiency with no body weight or glucose tolerance defects. Fasting plasma triglyceride concentrations are decreased in VAD diet-fed animals compared to controls (p < 0.05). Retinyl ester postprandial responses after vitamin A gavage, expressed as area under the curves, are not different in VAD diet-fed and control animals, although retinyl ester postprandial peak is significantly delayed (p < 0.05) in VAD diet-fed rats. Lipids also accumulate in the distal part of the intestine after gavage and [1-C-13]-oleate postprandial response is decreased in VAD diet-fed males. Conclusion Vitamin A deficiency modulates both vitamin A absorption rate and lipid postprandial metabolism, which can partly explain the altered fasting lipid status observed in VAD diet-fed offspring.
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Dates and versions

hal-03612097 , version 1 (13-09-2023)

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Tiffany Antoine, Patrick Borel, Roland Govers, Laure Meiller, Philippe Guichard, et al.. Vitamin A Deficiency during the Perinatal Period and First Weeks of Life Modifies Vitamin A and Lipid Postprandial Metabolism in Both Female and Male Young Rats. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 2021, 65 (21), pp.2100451. ⟨10.1002/mnfr.202100451⟩. ⟨hal-03612097⟩
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