Renal SPECT/CT with 99mTc–dimercaptosuccinic acid is a non-invasive predictive marker for the development of interstitial fibrosis in a rat model of renal insufficiency - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation Year : 2021

Renal SPECT/CT with 99mTc–dimercaptosuccinic acid is a non-invasive predictive marker for the development of interstitial fibrosis in a rat model of renal insufficiency

Abstract

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases cardiovascular risk and mortality. Renal fibrosis plays a major role in the progression of CKD but, to date, histology remains the gold standard to assess fibrosis. Non-invasive techniques are needed to assess renal parenchymal impairment and to perform the longitudinal evaluation of renal structure. Thus we evaluated renal isotopic imaging by single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) with technetium-99m (99mTc)–dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) to monitor renal impairment during renal insufficiency in rats. Methods Renal insufficiency was induced by an adenine-rich diet (ARD) at 0.25 and 0.5% for 28 days. Renal dysfunction was evaluated by assaying biochemical markers and renal histology. Renal parenchymal impairment was assessed by SPECT/CT isotopic imaging with 99mTc-DMSA on Days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 49. Results Compared with controls, ARD rats developed renal dysfunction characterized by increased serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen, fibrosis and tubulointerstitial damage in the kidneys, with a dose-dependent effect of the adenine concentration. 99mTc-DMSA SPECT-CT imaging showed a significant decrease in renal uptake over time in 0.25 and 0.5% ARD rats compared with control rats (P = 0.011 and P = 0.0004, respectively). 99mTc-DMSA uptake on Day 28 was significantly inversely correlated with Sirius red staining evaluated on Day 49 (r = 0.89, P < 0.0001, R2 = 0.67). Conclusions 99mTc-DMSA renal scintigraphy allows a longitudinal follow-up of risk of renal fibrosis in rats. We found that the reduction of renal parenchyma in ARD rats is inversely proportional to newly formed fibrous tissue in the kidney. Our results suggest that 99mTc-DMSA renal scintigraphy may be a useful non-invasive prognostic marker of the development of renal fibrosis in animals and should be tested in humans.
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hal-03653461 , version 1 (27-04-2022)

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Mickaël Bobot, Guillaume Hache, Anaïs Moyon, Samantha Fernandez, Laure Balasse, et al.. Renal SPECT/CT with 99mTc–dimercaptosuccinic acid is a non-invasive predictive marker for the development of interstitial fibrosis in a rat model of renal insufficiency. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 2021, 36 (5), pp.804-810. ⟨10.1093/ndt/gfaa374⟩. ⟨hal-03653461⟩
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