miR-376a-3p and miR-376b-3p overexpression in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria fibroblasts inhibits cell proliferation and induces premature senescence - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles iScience Year : 2022

miR-376a-3p and miR-376b-3p overexpression in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria fibroblasts inhibits cell proliferation and induces premature senescence

Abstract

Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare genetic disorder, in which an abnormal and toxic protein called progerin, accumulates in cell nuclei, leading to major cellular defects. Among them, chromatin remodeling drives gene expression changes, including miRNA dysregulation. In our study, we evaluated miRNA expression profiles in HGPS and control fibroblasts. We identified an enrichment of overexpressed miRNAs belonging to the 14q32.2-14q32.3 miRNA cluster. Using 3D FISH, we demonstrated that overexpression of these miRNAs is associated with chromatin remodeling at this specific locus in HGPS fibroblasts. We then focused on miR-376b-3p and miR-376a-3p, both overexpressed in HGPS fibroblasts. We demonstrated that their induced overexpression in control fibroblasts decreases cell proliferation and increases senescence, whereas their inhibition in HGPS fibroblasts rescues proliferation defects and senescence and decreases progerin accumulation. By targeting these major processes linked to premature aging, these two miRNAs may play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of HGPS.
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hal-03788582 , version 1 (26-09-2022)

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Diane Frankel, Valerie Delecourt, Elva-María Novoa-Del-Toro, Jérôme Robin-Ducellier, Coraline Airault, et al.. miR-376a-3p and miR-376b-3p overexpression in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria fibroblasts inhibits cell proliferation and induces premature senescence. iScience, 2022, 25 (2), pp.103757. ⟨10.1016/j.isci.2022.103757⟩. ⟨hal-03788582⟩
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