The reuniens and rhomboid nuclei of the thalamus: A crossroads for cognition-relevant information processing? - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews Year : 2021

The reuniens and rhomboid nuclei of the thalamus: A crossroads for cognition-relevant information processing?


Over the past twenty years, the reuniens and rhomboid (ReRh) nuclei, which constitute the ventral midline thalamus, have received constantly growing attention. Since our first review article about the functional contributions of ReRh nuclei (Cassel et al., 2013), numerous (>80) important papers have extended anatomical knowledge, including at a developmental level, introduced new and very original electrophysiological insights on ReRh functions, and brought novel results on cognitive and non-cognitive implications of the ReRh. The current review will cover these recent articles, more on Re than on Rh, and their contribution will be approached according to their affiliation with work before 2013. These neuroanatomical, electrophysiological or behavioral findings appear coherent and point to the ReRh nuclei as two major components of a multistructural system supporting numerous cognitive (and noncognitive) functions. They gate the flow of information, perhaps especially from the medial prefrontal cortex to the hippocampus and back, and coordinate activity and processing across these two (and possibly other) brain regions of major cognitive relevance.


Ventral midline thalamus ACC anterior cingulate cortex adapting (neurons) anteromedial nucleus of the thalamus aminophosphonovalerate 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid region CA1 of the hippocampus region CA3 of the hippocampus combined attention-memory calbindin channel rhodopsine 2 chronic mild stress clozapine-Noxide context pre-exposure facilitation effect calretinin conditioned stimulus dopamine diaminobenzydine dentate gyrus dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide dorsal peduncular cortex designer receptor exclusively activated by designer drugs entorhinal cortex fast spiking (neurons) forced swim test hippocampus hM4Di modified human M4 muscarinic (hM4) receptor that couples with Gi protein hM3Dq modified human M3 muscarinic (hM3) receptor that couples with Gq protein immediate early genes infralimbic cortex intralaminar nuclei of the thalamus intraperitoneally inter-pair interval (for paired-pulse stimulations) lateral entorhinal cortex local field potential long term depression long term potentiation medial entorhinal cortex mPFC medial prefrontal cortex medial perforant path magnetic resonance imaging event-related potential (ERP) nucleus accumbens NMDA N-methyl-D-aspartate postnatal day prelimbic cortex prefrontal cortex perirhinal cortex pontine reticular formation paratenial nucleus of the thalamus pirithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency parvalbumin paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus reuniens nucleus rapid eye movement sleep rhomboid nucleus resting membrane potential RVLM/C1 rostral ventrolateral medulla/C1 (catecholaminergic neuron group) stratum lacunosum moleculare slow oscillations supramammillary nucleus sharp-wave-ripples slow wave sleep tetrodotoxin unconditioned stimulus ventro-basal nuclei of the thalamus vHIP ventral hippocampus ventral midline thalamus ventral pallidum vSub ventral subiculum VTA ventral tegmental area vmPFC ventromedial prefrontal cortex xyphoid Anatomy Cognition Diseases Electrophysiology Memory Reuniens nucleus Rhomboid nucleus
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Dates and versions

hal-03796192 , version 1 (04-10-2022)



Jean-Christophe Cassel, Maëva Ferraris, Pascale P Quilichini, Thibault Cholvin, Laurine Boch, et al.. The reuniens and rhomboid nuclei of the thalamus: A crossroads for cognition-relevant information processing?. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2021, 126, pp.338-360. ⟨10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.03.023⟩. ⟨hal-03796192⟩
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