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Journal Articles Photonics Year : 2022

Active Optics–Freeform Segment Mirror Replications from a Deformable Matrix

Abstract

We present a new active optics method for making smooth aspheric, or freeform, mirrors by replication technique from an elastically deformable matrix. The mirror replicas provide an equivalent aberration correction to that of an off-axis segment of a Schmidt plate. The method describes geometry of a chromium stainless steel deformable matrix. Polished flat at rest, the matrix was used as submaster when in a bent state for single replications on a glass substrate. Two plane-aspheric segment mirror replicas are then used as a pair of correctors for a spectrograph telemeter. Located outside the Schmidt plate, in opposite diametric directions, the mirror replicas allow aberration compensation of the singlet convex-plane lens used both as collimator and camera-optics of a spectrograph where the beams are passed twice. The spectrograph design is a “white pupil mounting” for a Cassegrainian telescope. The detector focusing is controlled by fusion imaging from the two mirror replicas. Our results show that the He-Ne beams wave-front error performed by the spectrograph, with each of the two replica mirrors passed twice, compensates at least 93% of the required total aspheric sag. This provides satisfactory results for the telemeter focusing device, which then is quasi-diffraction-limited. A similar replication technique is proposed to obtain a pair of off-axis Schmidt plates for a unit magnification Schmidt-Offner “ideal imager”. Such a system is well suited for Laser Guide Star adaptive optics applications in modern astronomy.
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hal-03956346 , version 1 (26-01-2023)

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Gérard René Lemaitre, Patrick Lanzoni. Active Optics–Freeform Segment Mirror Replications from a Deformable Matrix. Photonics, 2022, Photonics, 9 (4), pp.206. ⟨10.3390/photonics9040206⟩. ⟨hal-03956346⟩
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