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Journal Articles BMC Bioinformatics Year : 2022

Investigation of dirigent like domains from bacterial genomes


DIRs are mysterious protein that have the ability to scavenge free radicals, which, are highly reactive with molecules in their vicinity. What is even more fascinating is that they carry out from these highly unstable species, a selective reaction (i.e., stereoenantioselective) from a well-defined substrate to give a very precise product. Unfortunately, to date, only three products have been demonstrated following studies on DIRs from the plant world, which until now was the kingdom where these proteins had been demonstrated. Within this kingdom, each DIR protein has its own type of substrate. The products identified to date, have on the other hand, a strong economic impact: in agriculture for example, the biosynthesis of (+)-gossypol could be highlighted (a repellent antifood produced by the cotton plant) by the DIRs of cotton. In forsythia plant species, it is the biosynthesis of (−)-pinoresinol, an intermediate leading to the synthesis of podophyllotoxine (a powerful anicancerous agent) which has been revealed. Recently, a clear path of study, potentially with strong impact, appeared by the hypothesis of the potential existence of protein DIR within the genomes of prokaryotes. The possibility of working with this type of organism is an undeniable advantage: since many sequenced genomes are available and the molecular tools are already developed. Even easier to implement and working on microbes, of less complex composition, offers many opportunities for laboratory studies. On the other hand, the diversity of their environment (e.g., soil, aquatic environments, extreme environmental conditions (pH, temperature, pressure) make them very diverse and varied subjects of study. Identifying new DIR proteins from bacteria means identifying new substrate or product molecules from these organisms. It is the promise of going further in understanding the mechanism of action of these proteins and this will most likely have a strong impact in the fields of agricultural, pharmaceutical and/or food chemistry. Results Our goal is to obtain as much information as possible about these proteins to unlock the secrets of their exceptional functioning. Analyzes of structural and functional genomic data led to the identification of the Pfam PF03018 domain as characteristic of DIR proteins. This domain has been further identified in the sequence of bacterial proteins therefore named as DIR-like (DIRL). We have chosen a multidisciplinary bioinformatic approach centered on bacterial genome identification, gene expression and regulation signals, protein structures, and their molecular information content. The objective of this study was to perform a thorough bioinformatic analysis on these DIRLs to highlight any information leading to the selection of candidate bacteria for further cloning, purification, and characterization of bacterial DIRs. Conclusions From studies of DIRL genes identification, primary structures, predictions of their secondary and tertiary structures, prediction of DIRL signals sequences, analysis of their gene organization and potential regulation, a list of primary bacterial candidates is proposed.
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Dates and versions

hal-03957114 , version 1 (26-01-2023)





Merlin Bardin, Pierre Rousselot-Pailley, Thierry Tron, Viviane Robert. Investigation of dirigent like domains from bacterial genomes. BMC Bioinformatics, 2022, 23 (1), pp.313. ⟨10.1186/s12859-022-04832-6⟩. ⟨hal-03957114⟩
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