Imbalance of NRG1-ERBB2/3 signalling underlies altered myelination in Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease 4H - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Brain - A Journal of Neurology Year : 2022

Imbalance of NRG1-ERBB2/3 signalling underlies altered myelination in Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease 4H

Yannick Poitelon

Abstract

Charcot Marie Tooth disease is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders, affecting either axons from the motor and/or sensory neurons or Schwann cells of the peripheral nervous system, and caused by more than 100 genes. We previously identified mutations in FGD4, as responsible for CMT4H, an autosomal recessive demyelinating form of CMT. FGD4 encodes FRABIN, a GDP/GTP nucleotide exchange factor, particularly for the small GTPase cdc42. Remarkably, nerves from patients with CMT4H display excessive redundant myelin figures called outfoldings that arise from focal hypermyelination, suggesting that FRABIN could play a role in the control of PNS myelination. To gain insights into the role of FGD4/FRABIN in Schwann Cell myelination, we generated a knock-out mouse model (Fgd4SC-/-), with conditional ablation of Fgd4 in Schwann cells. We show that the specific deletion of FRABIN in Schwann cells leads to aberrant myelination in vitro, in dorsal root ganglia neurons/Schwann cells cocultures as well in vivo, in distal sciatic nerves from Fgd4SC-/- mice. We observed that those myelination defects are related to an upregulation of some interactors of the NRG1 type III/ERBB2/3 signaling pathway, which is known to ensure a proper level of myelination in the peripheral nervous system. Based on a yeast two- hybrid screen, we identified SNX3 as a new partner of FRABIN, which is involved in the regulation of endocytic trafficking. Interestingly, we showed that loss of FRABIN impairs endocytic trafficking which may contribute to the defective NRG1 type III/ERBB2/3 signaling and myelination. Using RNA-Seq in vitro, we have identified new potential effectors of the deregulated pathways, such as ERBIN, RAB11FIP2 and MAF, thereby providing cues to understand how FRABIN contributes to proper ERBB2 trafficking or even myelin membrane addition through cholesterol synthesis. Finally, we showed that the reestablishment of proper levels of the NRG1 type III/ERBB2/3 pathway using Niacin treatment reduces myelin outfoldings in nerves of CMT4H mice. Overall, our work reveals a new role of FRABIN in the regulation of NRG1 type III/ERBB2/3 NRG1signaling and myelination and opens future therapeutic strategies based on the modulation of the NRG1 type III/ERBB2/3 pathway to reduce CMT4H pathology and more generally others demyelinating Charcot Marie Tooth disease.
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Dates and versions

hal-03977684 , version 1 (07-02-2023)

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Lara El-Bazzal, Adeline Ghata, Clothilde Esteve, Jihane Gadacha, Patrice Quintana, et al.. Imbalance of NRG1-ERBB2/3 signalling underlies altered myelination in Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease 4H. Brain - A Journal of Neurology , 2022, ⟨10.1093/brain/awac402⟩. ⟨hal-03977684⟩
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