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Article Dans Une Revue Heliyon Année : 2023

National wetland mapping using remote-sensing-derived environmental variables, archive field data, and artificial intelligence

Résumé

While wetland ecosystem services are widely recognized, the lack of fine-scale national inventories prevents successful implementation of conservation policies. Wetlands are difficult to map due to their complex fine-grained spatial pattern and fuzzy boundaries. However, the increasing amount of open high-spatial-resolution remote sensing data and accurately georeferenced field data rchives, as well as progress in artificial intelligence (AI), provide opportunities for fine-scale national wetland mapping. The objective of this study was to map wetlands over mainland France (ca. 550,000 km2) by applying AI to environmental variables derived from remote sensing and archive field data. A random forest model was calibrated using spatial cross-validation according to the precision-recall area under the curve (PR-AUC) index using ca.135,000 soil or flora plots from archive databases, as well as 5 m topographical variables derived from an airborne DTM and a eological map. The model was validated using an experimentally designed sampling strategy with ca. 3000 plots collected during a ground survey in 2021 along non-wetland/wetland transects. Map accuracy was then compared to those of nine existing wetland maps with global, European, or national coverage. The model-derived suitability map(PR-AUC 0.76) highlights the gradual boundaries and fine-grained pattern of wetlands. The binary map is significantly more accurate (F1-score 0.75, overall accuracy 0.67) than existing wetland maps. The approach and end-results are of important value for spatial planning and environmental management since the high-resolution suitability and binary maps enable more targeted conservation measures to support biodiversity conservation, water resources maintenance, and carbon storage.
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Dates et versions

hal-03986107 , version 1 (13-02-2023)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification

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Sébastien Rapinel, Léa Panhelleux, Bertrand Laroche, Guillaume Gayet, Rachel Vanacker, et al.. National wetland mapping using remote-sensing-derived environmental variables, archive field data, and artificial intelligence. Heliyon, 2023, 9 (2), pp.e13482. ⟨10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13482⟩. ⟨hal-03986107⟩
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