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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Biogeography Année : 2021

Inverse responses of species richness and niche specialization to human development

Cari D Ficken
  • Fonction : co premier-auteur
Jan J H Ciborowski
  • Fonction : Auteur
Rebecca C Rooney
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Aim: Humans impact biodiversity by altering land use and introducing nonnative species. Yet the extent to which coexistence processes, such as competition and niche shifts, mediate these relationships is not clear. This study compares how human development influences wetland plant diversity by examining patterns of species richness, niche specialization and nonnative species occurrences along a human development gradient. Location: Alberta, Canada. Taxon: Plants. Methods: We computed species richness and niche specialization (a measure of the range of human development extents over which a species occurs) from species occurrence data across 1582 wetlands. We tested associations between human development extent and species richness, niche specialization and nonnative species using linear mixed models. We used nonmetric multidimensional scaling ordination to examine whether community composition differed among wetlands surrounded by different human development extents. Results: Species richness and niche specialization show contrasting relationships with human development: richness was highest and niche specialization was lowest at intermediate human development extents, suggesting that competitive ability and environmental filtering may contribute to low richness at low and high development extents, respectively. Wetlands surrounded by the highest and lowest human development extents had similar levels of richness and niche specialization, but differed in community composition. The proportion of nonnative species increased with increasing human development, alternatively suggesting that the substitution of native species by nonnatives in developed areas may contribute to reduced richness and influence community assembly. Main conclusions: These findings demonstrate that human land development plays a major role in shaping species richness by influencing the number of nonnative species and the niche specialization of species inhabiting a wetland. Furthermore, these findings suggest that the proportion of nonnative species is an overlooked factor
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Dates et versions

hal-03999715 , version 1 (21-02-2023)

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Cari D Ficken, Martin Jeanmougin, Jan J H Ciborowski, Rebecca C Rooney. Inverse responses of species richness and niche specialization to human development. Journal of Biogeography, 2021, 48, pp.2801 - 2811. ⟨10.1111/jbi.14240⟩. ⟨hal-03999715⟩

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