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Journal Articles Oxford Development Studies Year : 2016

Better Access to Water, Better Children's Health: A Mirage?

Abstract

In Egypt, diarrhoeal diseases remain the main cause of mortality among young children, although the percentage of households with an “improved” access to water, according to the definition used by the World Health Organisation (WHO), is very high. This article seeks to shed light on this paradox, by better identifying the populations affected by problems of access to water, taking into account three dimensions—the time it takes to access a source of water, daily cut-offs and behaviour with respect to storage—and by applying alternative matching estimators to estimate the effects of defective water access on child diarrhoea. It is found that children whose families are identified as having a water access problem through the use of broader-based definitions have a greater likelihood of contracting diarrhoeal diseases. This article, thus, shows that the mortality of children in Egypt could be further reduced by improving households' access to water.

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Dates and versions

hal-01446206 , version 1 (25-01-2017)

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Patricia Augier, Marion Dovis, Charles Lai-Tong. Better Access to Water, Better Children's Health: A Mirage?. Oxford Development Studies, 2016, 44 (1), pp.70--92. ⟨10.1080/13600818.2015.1064101⟩. ⟨hal-01446206⟩
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