Axon Initial Segment - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Encyclopedia of Life Sciences Year : 2018

Axon Initial Segment

Abstract

The axon initial segment (AIS) is a specialised region of the axon where the action potential is initiated following integration of excitatory and inhibitory inputs. The AIS contains high density of sodium and potassium channels anchored on scaffold proteins, but it also includes receptors to neurotransmitters and neuromodulators. Besides its role in action potential initiation, the AIS constitutes a diffusion barrier that controls cytoplasmic traffic towards the axon. Activity-dependent plasticity has been recently shown to affect the length and position of the AIS whereas stimulation of ligand-gated receptors alters the ion channel content of the AIS. Thus, the AIS represents a critical element in neuronal excitability and its plasticity.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Debanne-Garrido-eLS-2018.pdf (886.36 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01963287 , version 1 (21-12-2018)

Identifiers

Cite

Dominique Debanne, Juan José Garrido. Axon Initial Segment. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, 2018, ⟨10.1002/9780470015902.a0000004⟩. ⟨hal-01963287⟩

Collections

CNRS UNIV-AMU
35 View
538 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More