Theoretical insights into the formation and stability of radical oxygen species in cryptochrome - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Year : 2019

Theoretical insights into the formation and stability of radical oxygen species in cryptochrome

Abstract

Cryptochrome is a blue-light absorbing flavoprotein containing a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor. FAD can accept up to two electrons and two protons, which can be subsequently transferred to substrates present in the binding pocket. It is well known that reactive oxygen species are generated when triplet molecular oxygen is present in the cavity. Here, we investigate the formation and stability of radical oxygen species in Drosophila melanogaster cryptochrome using molecular dynamics simulations and electronic structure calculations. We find that superoxide and hydroxyl radicals in doublet spin states are stabilized in the pocket due to attractive electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding with partially reduced FAD. These finding validate from a molecular dynamics perspective that [FAD •−-HO • 2 ] or [FADH •-O •− 2 ] can be alternative radical pairs at the origin of magnetoreception.
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Dates and versions

hal-02088383 , version 1 (02-04-2019)

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Padmabati Mondal, Miquel Huix-Rotllant. Theoretical insights into the formation and stability of radical oxygen species in cryptochrome. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2019, 21, pp.8874-8882. ⟨10.1039/C9CP00782B⟩. ⟨hal-02088383⟩
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