Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria in Cabo Verde: a country in the pre-elimination context - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Public Health Year : 2019

Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria in Cabo Verde: a country in the pre-elimination context

Adilson José Depina
  • Function : Author
Abdoulaye Kane Dia
  • Function : Author
Maria Celina Ferreira
  • Function : Author
António Lima Moreira
  • Function : Author
Silvania Veiga Leal
  • Function : Author
Cecílio Mendes Pires
  • Function : Author
Jaelsa Mira Gomes Moreira
  • Function : Author
Maria Filomena Tavares
  • Function : Author
José Manuel Pereira
  • Function : Author
Ousmane Faye
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1008085
Ibrahima Seck
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Background Malaria in Cape Verde is unstable, with a sporadic and seasonal transmission of low endemicity. In this sense, the community perceptions regarding malaria transmission, their attitudes and practices against the disease are very important to understand and to better develop the best strategical policies to achieve malaria elimination goal. This study aim to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of Cape Verdean population about malaria, a country in the elimination step of disease. Methods A cross-sectional malaria KAP Survey was performed at the household level. A structured open questionnaire was developed and applied to residents of randomly selected households from 5 islands and 15 municipalities in Cape Verde. Correlation analyses were performed using a logistic regression model to determine the factors that are associated with the complete knowledge of the population about malaria. Results A total of 1953 fully completed questionnaires were analysed, with majority of questionnaires administered in Santiago island (68.3%), mainly in the capital city of Praia, 38.43%. About 88% of the population knew the correct form of transmission, 96% had knowledge that the entire population is at risk of malaria and identified the main symptoms. Regarding the attitudes, 58% seek treatment atthe nearest health structure upon the apparition of the symptoms, 64% in the first 24 h and 88% within the first 48 h. More than 97% have heard about mosquito nets but only 19% used it. In practice, 53% use coils, 45% rely on household sprays and 43% have benefited from IRS. About 90% received information about malaria from media, mainly the TV and the radio (83 and 43%, respectively). In summary, 54% of the population has complete knowledge of the disease. Conclusion The population of Cape Verde has a high level of knowledge about malaria, including its transmission, main symptoms and preventive and control measures. However, some gaps and misunderstandings have been noticed and contribute to the insufficient community involvement in actions against malaria. Therefore, is necessary to increase the knowledge of the population, leading to their full ownership and participation in community actions to contribute to the malaria elimination in the country.
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hal-02507541 , version 1 (18-10-2023)

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Adilson José Depina, Abdoulaye Kane Dia, Antonieta de Ascenção Soares Martins, Maria Celina Ferreira, António Lima Moreira, et al.. Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria in Cabo Verde: a country in the pre-elimination context. BMC Public Health, 2019, 19 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12889-019-7130-5⟩. ⟨hal-02507541⟩

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