Pan Aurora Kinase Inhibitor: A Promising Targeted-Therapy in Dedifferentiated Liposarcomas With Differential Efficiency Depending on Sarcoma Molecular Profile - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2020

Pan Aurora Kinase Inhibitor: A Promising Targeted-Therapy in Dedifferentiated Liposarcomas With Differential Efficiency Depending on Sarcoma Molecular Profile

Abstract

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are rare and aggressive tumours. Their classification includes numerous histological subtypes of frequent poor prognosis. Liposarcomas (LPS) are the most frequent type among them, and the aggressiveness and deep localization of dedifferentiated LPS are linked to high levels of recurrence. Current treatments available today lead to five-year overall survival has remained stuck around 60-70% for the past three decades. Here, we highlight a correlation between Aurora kinasa A (AURKA) and AURKB mRNA overexpression and a low metastasis-free survival. AURKA and AURKB expression analysis at genomic and protein level on a 9-STS cell lines panel highlighted STS heterogeneity, especially in LPS subtype. AURKA and AURKB inhibition by RNAi and drug targeting with AMG 900, a pan Aurora Kinase inhibitor, in four LPS cell lines reduces cell survival and clonogenic proliferation, inducing apoptosis and polyploidy. When combined with doxorubicin, the standard treatment in STS, aurora kinases inhibitor can be considered as an enhancer of standard treatment or as an independent drug. Kinome analysis suggested its effect was linked to the inhibition of the MAP-kinase pathway, with differential drug resistance profiles depending on molecular characteristics of the tumor. Aurora Kinase inhibition by AMG 900 could be a promising therapy in STS.
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hal-03101390 , version 1 (26-01-2021)

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Jean Camille Mattei, Corinne Bouvier, Doriane Barets, Nicolas Macagno, Mathieu Chocry, et al.. Pan Aurora Kinase Inhibitor: A Promising Targeted-Therapy in Dedifferentiated Liposarcomas With Differential Efficiency Depending on Sarcoma Molecular Profile. Cancers, 2020, 12 (3), pp.583. ⟨10.3390/cancers12030583⟩. ⟨hal-03101390⟩
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