The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents and young adults with cancer: A monocentric experience - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Cancer Year : 2021

The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents and young adults with cancer: A monocentric experience

Abstract

Background and aims: COVID-19 infection in paediatric patients with cancer is severe or critical in 20% of the patients. It can therefore directly affect paediatric patients with cancer and/or their care. We aimed at evaluating the safety and efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with solid tumour. Methods: This study includes a retrospective analysis of safety and efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine administered to patients, ≥16 years old, under treatment for a solid tumour or within 6 months after treatment from 15th February 2021 to 15th April 2021. Two administrations of the vaccine 3 weeks apart were given. Sera were tested for anti-SARS-Cov-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed against the S1 domain of the spike protein. In case of positive serology, neutralisation of SARS-Cov-2 was tested. Results: Twenty-three patients with solid tumours were identified and proposed to get vaccinated. Nine patients refused, and 1 previously developed COVID-19 infection with positive serology. At the time of writing, 13 patients (10 M/2 F; median age: 17) started vaccination. All patients received 2 injections except 2 patients who stopped vaccination because of tumour progression. Ten patients were under treatment (alone or in combination: chemotherapy: 7 patients [pts], immunotherapy: 2 pts, targeted therapy: 3 pts, follow-up: 3 patients). Overall, vaccines were well tolerated. Five patients did not report any side-effects after the first injection and 4 after the second injection. The main local reactivity symptom was mild pain at the site of injection (6 and 2 pts). Fatigue (2 pts and 5 pts) was the most frequent systemic symptom. One patient refused serology testing. All patients but 1 had pre-vaccination negative serology; 7 of 10 patients tested had positive serology before second vaccine injection, and 9 of 10 patients had positive serology one month after the second injection. All patients with seroconversion had positive COVID-19 neutralisation test. No patient developed COVID infections. Conclusions: We report the good safety profile and good efficacy of the BNT162B2 vaccine in AYA with solid tumours. Larger series and monitoring of the kinetics of anti-Sars-Cov-2 IgG antibodies for several months are mandatory to confirm these preliminary results and to determine long-term vaccination.

Domains

Cancer
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
S0959804921003579.pdf (284.68 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03625360 , version 1 (02-08-2023)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Gabriel Revon-Riviere, Laetitia Ninove, Victoria Min, Angélique Rome, Carole Coze, et al.. The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents and young adults with cancer: A monocentric experience. European Journal of Cancer, 2021, 154, pp.30-34. ⟨10.1016/j.ejca.2021.06.002⟩. ⟨hal-03625360⟩
23 View
8 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More