Effect of the COVID-19 Outbreak on the Incidence of Other Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Infections in Children in Thai Binh, Vietnam in 2020 - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health Year : 2022

Effect of the COVID-19 Outbreak on the Incidence of Other Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Infections in Children in Thai Binh, Vietnam in 2020

Abstract

Abstract Introduction To evaluate the impact of COVID-19 mitigation measures on the total number of consultations for respiratory and gastrointestinal infections among children under 16 years in Thai Binh Pediatric Hospital, Vietnam during the year 2020. Methods A retrospective study was carried out to review consecutive consultations occurring in children admitted from January 01, 2016 to December 31, 2020. All medical records were collected from the central numeric database of the hospital. Diagnoses were documented according to the International Classification of Diseases 10 criteria. Results 436,276 children consulted at the outpatient department during the period of study. A gradual increase in the total number of outpatients was observed from 2016 to 2019, including those consulting for respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. However, the total number of outpatients and the numbers of those consulting for respiratory and gastrointestinal infections dramatically decreased in 2020. A significant decrease of respiratory infections relative proportion was observed in 2020 when compared to 2016–2019 ( p < 0.0001). By contrast, the relative proportion of gastrointestinal infections did not significantly vary ( p = 0.91). The proportion of outpatients aged under 5 years was significantly lower in 2020 compared to previous years ( p < 0.0001). The proportion of male patients was significantly higher in 2020 than from 2016 to 2019 ( p = 0.001). Conclusion Public health measures against the COVID-19 pandemic likely decreased the prevalence of other respiratory tract infections. Further studies are needed to validate the effectiveness of each type of measure. Microbiological studies are also recommended, to better understand the effect of preventive measures.

Dates and versions

hal-03678572 , version 1 (25-05-2022)

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Quoc Tien Nguyen, Thi Loi Dao, Thi Dung Pham, Trong Kiem Tran, van Thuan Hoang, et al.. Effect of the COVID-19 Outbreak on the Incidence of Other Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Infections in Children in Thai Binh, Vietnam in 2020. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s44197-022-00037-5⟩. ⟨hal-03678572⟩

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