Depth-profile of impairments in endothelin-1 – induced focal cortical ischemia - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism Year : 2022

Depth-profile of impairments in endothelin-1 – induced focal cortical ischemia

Abstract

The development of ischemic lesions has primarily been studied in horizontal cortical space. However, how ischemic lesions develop through the cortical depth remains largely unknown. We explored this question using direct current coupled recordings at different cortical depths using linear arrays of iridium electrodes in the focal epipial endothelin-1 (ET1) ischemia model in the rat barrel cortex. ET1-induced impairments were characterized by a vertical gradient with (i) rapid suppression of the spontaneous activity in the superficial cortical layers at the onset of ischemia, (ii) compartmentalization of spreading depolarizations (SDs) to the deep layers during progression of ischemia, and (iii) deeper suppression of activity and larger histological lesion size in superficial cortical layers. The level of impairments correlated strongly with the rate of spontaneous activity suppression, the rate of SD onset after ET1 application, and the amplitude of giant negative ultraslow potentials (∼−70 mV), which developed during ET1 application and were similar to the tent-shaped ultraslow potentials observed during focal ischemia in the human cortex. Thus, in the epipial ET1 ischemia model, ischemic lesions develop progressively from the surface to the cortical depth, and early changes in electrical activity at the onset of ET1-induced ischemia reliably predict the severity of ischemic damage.
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Dates and versions

hal-03716030 , version 1 (18-01-2024)

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Daria Vinokurova, Andrey Zakharov, Kseniya Chernova, Gulshat Burkhanova-Zakirova, Viktor Horst, et al.. Depth-profile of impairments in endothelin-1 – induced focal cortical ischemia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 2022, pp.0271678X2211074. ⟨10.1177/0271678X221107422⟩. ⟨hal-03716030⟩
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