The differential expression of PilY1 proteins by the HsfBA phosphorelay allows twitching motility in the absence of exopolysaccharides - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS Genetics Year : 2022

The differential expression of PilY1 proteins by the HsfBA phosphorelay allows twitching motility in the absence of exopolysaccharides

Abstract

Type Four Pili (T4P) are extracellular appendages mediating several bacterial functions such as motility, biofilm formation and infection. The ability to adhere to substrates is essential for all these functions. In Myxococcus xanthus , during twitching motility, the binding of polar T4P to exopolysaccharides (EPS), induces pilus retraction and the forward cell movement. EPS are produced, secreted and weakly associated to the M . xanthus cell surface or deposited on the substrate. In this study, a genetic screen allowed us to identify two factors involved in EPS-independent T4P-dependent twitching motility: the PilY1.1 protein and the HsfBA phosphorelay. Transcriptomic analyses show that HsfBA differentially regulates the expression of PilY1 proteins and that the down-regulation of pilY1 . 1 together with the accumulation of its homologue pilY1 . 3 , allows twitching motility in the absence of EPS. The genetic and bioinformatic dissection of the PilY1.1 domains shows that PilY1.1 might be a bi-functional protein with a role in priming T4P extension mediated by its conserved N-terminal domain and roles in EPS-dependent motility mediated by an N-terminal DUF4114 domain activated upon binding to Ca 2+ . We speculate that the differential transcriptional regulation of PilY1 homologs by HsfBA in response to unknown signals, might allow accessorizing T4P tips with different modules allowing twitching motility in the presence of alternative substrates and environmental conditions.
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hal-03750420 , version 1 (22-11-2022)

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Shuanghong Xue, Romain Mercier, Annick Guiseppi, Artemis Kosta, Rossella de Cegli, et al.. The differential expression of PilY1 proteins by the HsfBA phosphorelay allows twitching motility in the absence of exopolysaccharides. PLoS Genetics, 2022, 18 (4), pp.e1010188. ⟨10.1371/journal.pgen.1010188⟩. ⟨hal-03750420⟩
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