Dilated-Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a Pediatric Case with SPEG Compound Heterozygous Variants - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Dilated-Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a Pediatric Case with SPEG Compound Heterozygous Variants

Abstract

Left Ventricular Non-Compaction (LVNC) is defined by the triad prominent myocardial trabecular meshwork, thin compacted layer, and deep intertrabecular recesses. LVNC associated with dilation is characterized by the coexistence of left ventricular dilation and systolic dysfunction. Pediatric cases with dilated-LVNC have worse outcomes than those with isolated dilated cardiomyopathy and adult patients. Herein, we report a clinical and genetic investigation using trio-based whole-exome sequencing of a pediatric case with early-onset dilated-LVNC. Compound heterozygous mutations were identified in the Striated Muscle Enriched Protein Kinase (SPEG) gene, a key regulator of cardiac calcium homeostasis. A paternally inherited mutation: SPEG; p.(Arg2470Ser) and the second variant, SPEG; p.(Pro2687Thr), is common and occurred de novo. Subsequently, Sanger sequencing was performed for the family in order to segregate the variants. Thus, the index case, his father, and both sisters carried the SPEG: p.(Arg2470Ser) variant. Only the index patient carried both SPEG variants. Both sisters, as well as the patient’s father, showed LVNC without cardiac dysfunction. The unaffected mother did not harbor any of the variants. The in silico analysis of the identified variants (rare and common) showed a decrease in protein stability with alterations of the physical properties as well as high conservation scores for the mutated residues. Interestingly, using the Project HOPE tool, the SPEG; p.(Pro2687Thr) variant is predicted to disturb the second fibronectin type III domain of the protein and may abolish its function. To our knowledge, the present case is the first description of compound heterozygous SPEG mutations involving a de novo variant and causing dilated-LVNC without neuropathy or centronuclear myopathy.
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hal-03780216 , version 1 (31-08-2023)

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Hager Jaouadi, Fedoua El Louali, Chloé Wanert, Aline Cano, Caroline Ovaert, et al.. Dilated-Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a Pediatric Case with SPEG Compound Heterozygous Variants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (9), ⟨10.3390/ijms23095205⟩. ⟨hal-03780216⟩
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