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Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Platelets Purification Is a Crucial Step for Transcriptomic Analysis

Abstract

Platelets are small anucleate cells derived from the fragmentation of megakaryocytes and are involved in different biological processes especially hemostasis, thrombosis, and immune response. Despite their lack of nucleus, platelets contain a reservoir of megakaryocyte-derived RNAs and all the machinery useful for mRNA translation. Interestingly, platelet transcriptome was analyzed in health and diseases and led to the identification of disease-specific molecular signatures. Platelet contamination by leukocytes and erythrocytes during platelet purification is a major problem in transcriptomic analysis and the presence of few contaminants in platelet preparation could strongly alter transcriptome results. Since contaminant impacts on platelet transcriptome remains theoretical, we aimed to determine whether low leukocyte and erythrocyte contamination could cause great or only minor changes in platelet transcriptome. Using microarray technique, we compared the transcriptome of platelets from the same donor, purified by common centrifugation method or using magnetic microbeads to eliminate contaminating cells. We found that platelet transcriptome was greatly altered by contaminants, as the relative amount of 8274 transcripts was different between compared samples. We observed an increase of transcripts related to leukocytes and erythrocytes in platelet purified without microbeads, while platelet specific transcripts were falsely reduced. In conclusion, serious precautions should be taken during platelet purification process for transcriptomic analysis, in order to avoid platelets contamination and result alteration.
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Dates and versions

hal-03791989 , version 1 (21-06-2023)

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Mohamad Chebbo, Said Assou, Veronique Pantesco, Catherine Duez, Marie Alessi, et al.. Platelets Purification Is a Crucial Step for Transcriptomic Analysis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (6), pp.3100. ⟨10.3390/ijms23063100⟩. ⟨hal-03791989⟩
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