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Journal Articles The World Economy Year : 2023

Can labour market institutions mitigate the China syndrome? Evidence from regional labour markets in Europe

Jan‐luca Hennig

Abstract

This paper investigates how labour market regulations alter the adverse impact of rising import competition from China in European local labour markets between 1997 and 2006. The paper constructs measures of regional exposure to Chinese imports based on previous literature and on regional labour market frictions exploiting involuntary labour reallocations. Taking into account the endogeneity of import competition and its interaction with labour market regulations, the paper finds that regions more exposed to the rise of China have suffered from a reduction in manufacturing employment shares. This shock grows larger with regional labour market frictions; hence, it exacerbates the impact of trade shock on employment. Moreover, the paper finds that employment in public services, and not in construction or private services sector, absorbed the negative shock to the manufacturing sector. The unemployment rate, the labour force participation rate and wages in all sectors are unresponsive to import competition from China.
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Dates and versions

hal-03856251 , version 1 (15-12-2022)

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Jan‐luca Hennig. Can labour market institutions mitigate the China syndrome? Evidence from regional labour markets in Europe. The World Economy, 2023, 46 (1), pp.55-84. ⟨10.1111/twec.13275⟩. ⟨hal-03856251⟩
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