Purification and Characterization of Bot33: A Non-Toxic Peptide from the Venom of Buthus occitanus tunetanus Scorpion - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecules Year : 2022

Purification and Characterization of Bot33: A Non-Toxic Peptide from the Venom of Buthus occitanus tunetanus Scorpion

Rym Elfessi
  • Function : Author
Oussema Khamessi
Najet Srairi-Abid
  • Function : Author
Jean-Marc Sabatier
Jan Tytgat
  • Function : Author
Steve Peigneur
Riadh Kharrat
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Scorpion venom is a rich source of promising therapeutic compounds, such as highly selective ion channel ligands with potent pharmacological effects. Bot33 is a new short polypeptide of 38 amino acid residues with six cysteines purified from the venom of the Buthus occitanus tunetanus scorpion. Bot33 has revealed less than 40% identity with other known alpha-KTx families. This peptide displayed a neutral amino acid (Leucine), in the position equivalent to lysine 27, described as essential for the interaction with Kv channels. Bot33 did not show any toxicity following i.c.v. injection until 2 µg/kg mouse body weight. Due to its very low venom concentration (0.24%), Bot33 was chemically synthesized. Unexpectedly, this peptide has been subjected to a screening on ion channels expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and it was found that Bot33 has no effect on seven Kv channel subtypes. Interestingly, an in silico molecular docking study shows that the Leu27 prevents the interaction of Bot33 with the Kv1.3 channel. All our results indicate that Bot33 may have a different mode of action from other scorpion toxins, which will be interesting to elucidate.
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hal-03982065 , version 1 (25-08-2023)

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Rym Elfessi, Oussema Khamessi, Najet Srairi-Abid, Jean-Marc Sabatier, Jan Tytgat, et al.. Purification and Characterization of Bot33: A Non-Toxic Peptide from the Venom of Buthus occitanus tunetanus Scorpion. Molecules, 2022, 27 (21), pp.7278. ⟨10.3390/molecules27217278⟩. ⟨hal-03982065⟩
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