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Journal Articles ARTHROPLASTY Year : 2022

Artificial intelligence in knee arthroplasty: current concept of the available clinical applications

Abstract

Background Artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as the study of algorithms that allow machines to reason and perform cognitive functions such as problem-solving, objects, images, word recognition, and decision-making. This study aimed to review the published articles and the comprehensive clinical relevance of AI-based tools used before, during, and after knee arthroplasty. Methods The search was conducted through PubMed, EMBASE, and MEDLINE databases from 2000 to 2021 using the 2009 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocol (PRISMA). Results A total of 731 potential articles were reviewed, and 132 were included based on the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Some steps of the knee arthroplasty procedure were assisted and improved by using AI-based tools. Before surgery, machine learning was used to aid surgeons in optimizing decision-making. During surgery, the robotic-assisted systems improved the accuracy of knee alignment, implant positioning, and ligamentous balance. After surgery, remote patient monitoring platforms helped to capture patients' functional data. Conclusion In knee arthroplasty, the AI-based tools improve the decision-making process, surgical planning, accuracy, and repeatability of surgical procedures.
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hal-03991647 , version 1 (12-06-2023)

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Cecile Batailler, Jobe Shatrov, Elliot Sappey-Marinier, Elvire Servien, Sebastien Parratte, et al.. Artificial intelligence in knee arthroplasty: current concept of the available clinical applications. ARTHROPLASTY, 2022, 4 (1), ⟨10.1186/s42836-022-00119-6⟩. ⟨hal-03991647⟩
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