Prognostic value of forward flow indices in primary mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine Year : 2023

Prognostic value of forward flow indices in primary mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse

Abstract

Degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR) due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common valve disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Timing for surgery is debated for asymptomatic patients without Class I indication, prompting the search for novel parameters of early left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Aims To evaluate the prognostic impact of preoperative forward flow indices on the occurrence of post-operative LV systolic dysfunction. Methods We retrospectively included all consecutive patients with severe DMR due to MVP who underwent mitral valve repair between 2014 and 2019. LVOT TVI , forward stroke volume index, and forward LVEF were assessed as potential risk factors for LVEF <50% at 6 months post-operatively. Results A total of 198 patients were included: 154 patients (78%) were asymptomatic, and 46 patients (23%) had hypertension. The mean preoperative LVEF was 69 ± 9%. 35 patients (18%) had LVEF ≤ 60%, and 61 patients (31%) had LVESD ≥40 mm. The mean post-operative LVEF was 59 ± 9%, and 21 patients (11%) had post-operative LVEF<50%. Based on multivariable analysis, LVOT TVI was the strongest independent predictor of post-operative LV dysfunction after adjustment for age, sex, symptoms, LVEF, LV end systolic diameter, atrial fibrillation and left atrial volume index (0.75 [0.62–0.91], p < 0.01). The best sensitivity (81%) and specificity (63%) was obtained with LVOTTVI ≤15 cm based on ROC curve analysis. Conclusion LVOT TVI represents an independent marker of myocardial performance impairment in the presence of severe DMR. LVOT TVI could be an earlier marker than traditional echo parameters and aids in the optimization of the timing of surgery.
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hal-04010993 , version 1 (02-03-2023)

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Elisabeth Petolat, Alexis Theron, Noemie Resseguier, Cyprien Fabre, Giulia Norscini, et al.. Prognostic value of forward flow indices in primary mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2023, 10, ⟨10.3389/fcvm.2023.1076708⟩. ⟨hal-04010993⟩

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