Severe Infantile Axonal Neuropathy with Respiratory Failure Caused by Novel Mutation in X-Linked LAS1L Gene - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Genes Year : 2022

Severe Infantile Axonal Neuropathy with Respiratory Failure Caused by Novel Mutation in X-Linked LAS1L Gene

Agnieszka Stembalska
  • Function : Author
Wojciech Walas
  • Function : Author
Piotr Gasperowicz
Mateusz Biela
Magdalena Klaniewska
Zuzanna Gamrot
  • Function : Author
Ewa Gronska
  • Function : Author
Rafal Ploski
Robert Smigiel
  • Function : Author

Abstract

LAS1L encodes a nucleolar ribosomal biogenesis protein and is also a component of the Five Friends of Methylated CHTOP (5FMC) complex. Mutations in the LAS1L gene can be associated with Wilson–Turner syndrome (WTS) and, much more rarely, severe infantile hypotonia with respiratory failure. Here, we present an eighteen-month old boy with a phenotype of spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress (SMARD). By applying WES, we identified a novel hemizygous synonymous variant in the LAS1L gene inherited from an unaffected mother (c.846G > C, p.Thr282=). We suggest that the identified variant impairs the RNA splicing process. Furthermore, we proved the absence of any coding regions by qPCR and sequencing cDNA using amplicon deep sequencing and Sanger sequencing methods. According to the SMARD phenotype, severe breathing problems causing respiratory insufficiency, hypotonia, and feeding difficulties were observed in our patient from the first days of life. Remarkably, our case is the second described patient with a SMARD-like phenotype due to a mutation in the LAS1L gene and the first with a variant impacting splicing.
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hal-04035054 , version 1 (17-03-2023)

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Agnieszka Stembalska, Małgorzata Rydzanicz, Wojciech Walas, Piotr Gasperowicz, Agnieszka Pollak, et al.. Severe Infantile Axonal Neuropathy with Respiratory Failure Caused by Novel Mutation in X-Linked LAS1L Gene. Genes, 2022, 13 (5), pp.725. ⟨10.3390/genes13050725⟩. ⟨hal-04035054⟩

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