Non-disclosure of drug injection practices as a barrier to HCV testing: results from the PrebupIV community-based research study - Aix-Marseille Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Harm Reduction Journal Year : 2023

Non-disclosure of drug injection practices as a barrier to HCV testing: results from the PrebupIV community-based research study

Abstract

Background Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence is particularly high in people who inject drugs (PWID), a population that faces many barriers to HCV testing and care. A better understanding of the determinants of access to HCV testing is needed to improve their engagement in the HCV care cascade. We used data from a cross-sectional survey of people who inject drugs, mainly opioids, to identify factors associated with recent HCV testing. Methods Self-reported data on HCV antibody testing were analyzed for 550 of the 557 PWID enrolled in PrebupIV, a French cross-sectional community-based survey which assessed PWID acceptability of injectable buprenorphine as a treatment. Factors associated with recent (i.e., in the previous six months) HCV antibody testing were identified performing multivariable logistic regression. Results Among the study sample, 79% were men and 31% reported recent HCV antibody testing. Multivariable analysis found that PWID who did not disclose their injection practices to anyone (aOR [95% CI] 0.31 [0.12,0.82], p = 0.018), older PWID (aOR [95% CI] 0.97 [0.95,1.00], p = 0.030) and employed respondents (aOR [95% CI] 0.58 [0.37,0.92], p = 0.019) were all less likely to report recent HCV testing. No association was found between opioid agonist therapy and HCV testing. Conclusions Our findings suggest that non-disclosure of injection practices, employment and age were all barriers to HCV antibody testing. Preventing stigma around injection practices, developing the HCV testing offer in primary care and addiction care services, and training healthcare providers in HCV care management could improve HCV testing and therefore, the HCV care cascade in PWID.
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Dates and versions

inserm-04312324 , version 1 (28-11-2023)

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Ilhame Anwar, Cécile Donadille, Camelia Protopopescu, David Michels, Joris Herin, et al.. Non-disclosure of drug injection practices as a barrier to HCV testing: results from the PrebupIV community-based research study. Harm Reduction Journal, 2023, 20 (1), pp.98. ⟨10.1186/s12954-023-00841-7⟩. ⟨inserm-04312324⟩
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