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Journal Articles Pharmaceuticals Year : 2022

Montelukast and Acute Coronary Syndrome: The Endowed Drug

Basil Mohammed Alomair
  • Function : Author
Hayder Al-Kuraishy
  • Function : Author
Ali Al-Gareeb
Sadiq Al-Hamash
  • Function : Author
Michel de Waard
Jean-Marc Sabatier
Hebatallah Saad
Gaber El-Saber Batiha

Abstract

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a set of signs and symptoms caused by a reduction of coronary blood flow with subsequent myocardial ischemia. ACS is associated with activation of the leukotriene (LT) pathway with subsequent releases of various LTs, including LTB4, LTC4, and LTD4, which cause inflammatory changes and induction of immunothrombosis. LTs through cysteine leukotriene (CysLT) induce activation of platelets and clotting factors with succeeding coronary thrombosis. CysLT receptor (CysLTR) antagonists such as montelukast (MK) may reduce the risk of the development of ACS and associated complications through suppression of the activation of platelet and clotting factors. Thus, this critical review aimed to elucidate the possible protective role of MK in the management of ACS. The LT pathway is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, and heart failure. Inhibition of the LT pathway and CysL1TR by MK might be effective in preventing cardiovascular complications. MK could be an effective novel therapy in the management of ACS through inhibition of pro-inflammatory CysLT1R and modulation of inflammatory signaling pathways. MK can attenuate thrombotic events by inhibiting platelet activation and clotting factors that are activated during the development of ACS. In conclusion, MK could be an effective agent in reducing the severity of ACS and associated complications. Experimental, preclinical, and clinical studies are recommended to confirm the potential therapeutic of MK in the management of ACS.
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hal-03982266 , version 1 (10-07-2023)

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Basil Mohammed Alomair, Hayder Al-Kuraishy, Ali Al-Gareeb, Sadiq Al-Hamash, Michel de Waard, et al.. Montelukast and Acute Coronary Syndrome: The Endowed Drug. Pharmaceuticals, 2022, 15 (9), pp.1147. ⟨10.3390/ph15091147⟩. ⟨hal-03982266⟩
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