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Journal Articles Humanities and Social Sciences Communications Year : 2022

Do efficiency and equity move together? Cross-dynamics of Health System performance and Universal Health Coverage

Abstract

Efficiency within the health system is well recognised as key for achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC). However, achieving equity and efficiency simultaneously is often seen as a conflicting effort. Using 12 years of data (2003–2014) from the selection of a number of low- and lower middle-income countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Indonesia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Tajikistan, Togo, Uzbekistan and Yemen Republic), we compute an index of Universal health coverage (UHC), measure the health system’s performance (HSp) and, finally, investigate the cross-dynamics of the resulting HSp and the UHC previously obtained. We find that, with the few exceptions over the statistical sample, the causality between performances of the national health system and the universal health coverage is typically bidirectional. From an empirical standpoint, our findings challenge the idea from economic orthodoxy that efficiency must precede equity in healthcare services. Rather, our findings support the view of simultaneous efforts to improve expansion of the coverage and efficiency of the health system, directing attention towards the importance of organisation of the health system in the country context.
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Dates and versions

hal-03997298 , version 1 (20-02-2023)

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Pavitra Paul, Ulrich Nguemdjo, Armel Ngami, Natalia Kovtun, Bruno Ventelou. Do efficiency and equity move together? Cross-dynamics of Health System performance and Universal Health Coverage. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 2022, 9 (1), pp.293. ⟨10.1057/s41599-022-01271-9⟩. ⟨hal-03997298⟩
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